ESE 2023 Syllabus

General  Studies  and  Engineering  Aptitude (Prelim-Exam/Stage-1, Paper-1, Objective type, Common to all branches)

  • Current issues of national and international importance relating to social, economic and industrial development
  • Engineering Aptitude covering Logical reasoning and Analytical ability
  • Engineering Mathematics and Numerical Analysis
  • General Principles of Design, Drawing, Importance of Safety
  • Standards and Quality practices in production, construction, maintenance and services
  • Basics of Energy and Environment : Conservation, Environmental pollution and degradation, Climate change, Environmental impact assessment
  • Basics of Project Management
  • Basics of Material Science and Engineering
  • Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based tools and their applications in Engineering such as networking, e-governance and technology based education.
  • Ethics and values in engineering profession

Note: The paper in General Studies and Engineering Aptitude will include the knowledge of relevant topics as may be expected from an engineering graduate. Questions from all the 10 topics mentioned above shall be set. Marks for each topic may range from 5% to 15% of the total marks on the paper.

ESE 2021 Syllabus (Mechanical Engineering)

Agenda  of  both  the  Papers  for Stage‐I  (objective  type  Paper–II)  and  separately for  Stage‐II  Examination (Conventional type Paper‐I and Paper – II).


  1. Fluid Mechanics: Basic Concepts and  Properties  of Fluids, Manometry, Fluid Statics, Buoyancy, Equations of Motion,  Bernoulli’s equation and  applications, Viscous flow of incompressible fluids, Laminar and Turbulent flows, Flow through pipes and head losses in pipes.
  2. Thermodynamics and Heat transfer: Thermodynamic  systems  and  processes;  properties  of  pure  substance;  Zeroth,  First  and  Second  Laws  of  Thermodynamics;  Entropy, Irreversibility and availability; analysis of  thermodynamic cycles  related  to energy conversion: Rankine, Otto, Diesel  and Dual Cycles; ideal and real gases; compressibility factor; Gas mixtures. Modes  of  heat  transfer, Steady  and  unsteady  heat  conduction, Thermal resistance, Fins, Free  and  forced  convection, Correlations  for  convective  heat  transfer, Radiation heat  transfer -Radiation  heat  transfer  co‐efficient;  boiling  and  condensation, Heat exchanger performance analysis
  1. IC Engines, Refrigeration and Air conditioning: SI and CI Engines, Engine Systems and Components, Performance characteristics and testing of IC Engines; Fuels; Emissions and  Emission Control. Vapour compression refrigeration, Refrigerants and Working cycles, Compressors, Condensers, Evaporators  and Expansion  devices, Other  types  of  refrigeration  systems like Vapour Absorption,  Vapour jet,  thermo electric and Vortex  tube  refrigeration.  Psychometric  properties  and  processes,  Comfort  chart,  Comfort  and  industrial  air  conditioning,  Load  calculations and Heat pumps.
  1. Turbo Machinery: Reciprocating  and  Rotary  pumps,  Pelton  wheel,  Kaplan  and  Francis  Turbines,  velocity  diagrams,  Impulse  and  Reaction  principles,  Steam  and  Gas  Turbines,  Theory  of  Jet  Propulsion Pulse  jet  and  Ram  Jet  Engines,  Reciprocating  and  Rotary  Compressors – Theory and Applications.
  2. Power Plant Engineering: Rankine and Brayton cycles with regeneration and reheat, Fuels and their properties, Flue gas analysis, Boilers, steam turbines  and other power plant components like condensers, air ejectors, electrostatic precipitators and cooling towers – their theory  23  and design, types and applications;
  3. Renewable Sources of Energy: Solar  Radiation,  Solar  Thermal  Energy  collection  ‐  Flat  Plate  and  focusing  collectors  their  materials  and  performance.  Solar  Thermal Energy Storage, Applications :heating, cooling and Power Generation; Solar Photovoltaic Conversion; Harnessing of  Wind Energy, Bio‐mass and Tidal Energy – Methods and Applications, Working principles of Fuel Cells.


  1. Engineering Mechanics: Analysis of System of Forces, Friction, Centroid and Centre of Gravity, Dynamics; Stresses and Strains‐Compound Stresses and  Strains, Bending Moment and Shear Force Diagrams, Theory of Bending Stresses‐ Slope and deflection‐Torsion, Thin and thick  Cylinders, Spheres.
  1. Engineering Materials: Basic Crystallography, Alloys and Phase diagrams, Heat Treatment, Ferrous and Non Ferrous Metals, Non metallic materials,  Basics of Nano‐materials, Mechanical Properties and Testing, Corrosion prevention and control
  2. Mechanisms and Machines: Types  of  Kinematics  Pair, Mobility, Inversions,  Kinematic  Analysis, Velocity and Acceleration  Analysis  of  Planar Mechanisms,  CAMs with uniform acceleration and retardation, cycloidal motion, oscillating followers; Vibrations Free and forced vibration of undamped and damped SDOF systems, Transmissibility Ratio, Vibration Isolation, Critical Speed of Shafts.  Gears – Geometry  of tooth profiles, Law of gearing, Involute profile, Interference, Helical, Spiral and Worm Gears, Gear Trains‐ Simple, compound  and  Epicyclic;  Dynamic  Analysis  –  Slider  –  crank  mechanisms,  turning  moment  computations,  balancing  of  Revolving  &  Reciprocating masses, Gyroscopes –Effect of Gyroscopic couple on automobiles, ships and aircrafts, Governors.
  3. Design of Machine Elements: Design  for  static  and  dynamic  loading;  failure  theories;  fatigue  strength  and  the  S‐N  diagram;  principles  of  the  design  of  machine elements such as riveted, welded and bolted joints. Shafts, Spur gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings, Brakes and  clutches, flywheels.
  4. Manufacturing ,Industrial and Maintenance Engineering:  Metal casting‐Metal forming, Metal Joining, Machining and machine tool operations, Limits, fits and tolerances, Metrology and  inspection,  computer  Integrated  manufacturing,  FMS,  Production  planning  and  Control,  Inventory  control  and  operations  research  ‐  CPM‐PERT.  Failure  concepts  and  characteristics‐Reliability,  Failure  analysis,  Machine  Vibration,  Data  acquisition,  Fault  Detection,  Vibration  Monitoring,  Field  Balancing  of  Rotors,  Noise  Monitoring,  Wear  and  Debris  Analysis,  Signature  Analysis, NDT Techniques in Condition Monitoring.
  5. MechatronicsandRobotics: Microprocessors and Microcontrollers: Architecture, programming, I/O, Computer interfacing, Programmable logic controller.  Sensors and actuators, Piezoelectric accelerometer, Hall effect sensor, Optical Encoder, Resolver, Inductosyn, Pneumatic and  Hydraulic  actuators,  stepper  motor,  Control  Systems‐  Mathematical  modeling  of  Physical  systems,  control  signals,  controllability and  observability.  Robotics,  Robot  Classification,  Robot  Specification,  notation; Direct and Inverse  Kinematics;  Homogeneous Coordinates and Arm Equation of four Axis SCARA Robot.